Why Not To Trust Web Hosting Reviews These Days

If you’re searching for website hosting you may be looking for hosting ratings. I bet you have been very disappointed quite a bit because it is nearly impossible to locate good website hosting ratings that will not appear fake. Let’s face the facts, web hosting is really a massive niche to work in and there is lots of cash to be made. Consequently hosting service companies are spending a lot of money on advertising and those attempts surely impact independent hosting review articles.

The consumer will pay the check in a certain way or the other. Sometimes the consumer accepts a web web hosting rating that turns out to be totally incorrect or a hosting customer just will get scared and doesn’t do anything whatsoever. In the two cases the advertising efforts are wasted and an additional customer becomes angry in regards to the marketing strategies in this market. I do not think that is what web hosting companies had in mind after they put together their own web hosting affiliate programs.

Internet hosting is a pretty simple product to set-up and to take care of. The web hosting industry follows a number of data patterns and this data demonstrates that as soon as a web hosting client has established itself into an account at a web host these people in no way leave. After the Internet website is ready to go and the hosting company helps to keep the web server on the internet the consumer doesn’t have a motive to question his choice to select a web hosting provider. Accordingly web hosting companies calculate out the cost of the acquisition and when the web host is able to match that to a dollar sum, they make the appropriate advertising attempts.

Web hosting providers develop loyalty programs or promote so-called friend referrals and as an incentive offer free of charge hosting to customers whenever they recommend a new customer. But they also set up an affiliate plan where the marketing and advertising is performed through a 3rd party service provider. The web hosting provider doesn’t need to spend the same amount of time and effort to promote his web hosting services to customers. The so-called affiliate will perform the complete marketing and then for any new customer contract the affiliate partner gets a new commission check.

The internet hosting service provider further cuts out the risk by putting a time frame into place for when the commission payment will become fully vested. What exactly does this imply? In order to avoid scams the host places a hold up to 3 months on a commission before it gets paid out to an affiliate company. This way the affiliate company is highly motivated to simply send good prospects and definitely not to cheat. The web hosting provider is also shielded in regards to the existing money back guarantee he eventually had offered. Sometimes certain types of consumers are looking for a totally free ride and go from one web host to the next host in order to save cash. These unwanted clients make use of a cash back guarantee in order to save the cash on web hosting. This stop-hold on a hosting affiliate commission also safeguards the web hosting provider from those who use a stolen mastercard to eventually pay their hosting invoice.

All in all, most of the issues identified above are caused by sometimes excessive referral commissions and frequently by fake hosting reviews. Consequently, in case you are in the market for someone who could host your site, just be aware of the marketing scenario and choose a host which eventually has earned the trust of your friend or family member previously.

You can still find honest web hosting reviews on the Internet. As a rule of thumb always pick a web host who offers a money back guarantee. Do not pre-pay for a long time unless you have tested the web hosting provider first. You can always cancel and then look for best web hosting somewhere else.

Bookmark and Share

Upgrading Your PC for Non-experts


One of the big advantages of PCs over earlier types of computers is that they’re upgradable. If you get to the point where you need a faster computer, more storage space or whatever, you don’t have to buy a new PC. You can upgrade it by buying just the extra part you need. But sometimes it’s better to just take the plunge and replace it… and how do you know what part to upgrade? Here’s my guide:


Adding memory is one of the most popular upgrades. It makes a big difference to how fast your PC runs. When your PC runs out of memory for what it’s doing, it stores information on your hard drive instead. Your hard drive is nowhere near as fast as the memory. The more memory you′ve got, the less often your PC will need to store things on the hard drive as it works. So the faster it will go.

How much memory is enough does depend on what version of Windows you′re running. With Windows XP, 256MB is considered a bit on the low side, though it’ll be just about OK. 512MB is decent and 1024MB is really good. If you have Windows 95 or 98, you can get by on 64MB though it’s worth going to 128MB even if you just use your PC for basic office work. More will make it really hum along.

It also depends on what you′re using your PC for — if you′re just typing up the odd letter and sending emails, then 256MB will probably do you but if you′re editing video or playing the latest 3D games, it’ll be worth getting the full 1024MB.

If you buy memory, make sure you get the right type for your computer — the best thing to do is go to a shop and get them to pick the right type and to fit it for you. You CAN fit it yourself if you know what you′re doing but be careful!

Hard Drive

Another upgrade that can be worthwhile is a bigger hard drive. If you don’t have enough space for all your files and programs then it’s obviously a good plan! I’d also recommend it if you have only just enough space. When your hard drive is nearly full your PC has to scamper around it trying to find empty space every time it wants to save something… and that takes time.

I’d recommend keeping your existing hard drive and adding a new one instead of actually replacing your existing one. No point in throwing it away if it’s still working!

A typical hard drive nowadays is anywhere from 40GB to 160GB — if you′re getting a new one it might as well be big!

With a hard drive you can either fit it yourself or get a shop to fit it… or there’s a third option. You can buy an external version which plugs into your computer via a USB port. These are great for moving information from one PC to another. If it’s always on one PC, I prefer the hard drive neatly tucked away inside the case… but again, it’s up to you.

Bigger/flat monitor

If you′ve got a Cathode Ray Tube (CRT) monitor (the type with a box sticking out the back, like a television) you might fancy one of those stylish flat ones. It’s not just a fancy gadget, they also fit better on a small desk and you can have it closer to the wall than a big cumbersome CRT.

If you decide to go for it, think about whether you want one with built in speakers. It keeps you desk nice and tidy and looks more stylish. But you can get much better sound quality with separate speakers.

You also could think about what size of screen you want. It’s measured in inches from one corner to the opposite one. 17inch is pretty standard for desktop PCs though the flat screen types tend to seem bigger than the CRT type even when they’re the same size. For normal use, I wouldn’t particularly recommend getting a big one but if you do a lot of design or gaming, it might be worth it.


I’m not a big fan of processor upgrades. People talk about the processor speed when they’re saying how fast a PC is but there’s a lot more to it. Upgrading the processor without upgrading the other parts doesn’t tend to make much difference. And if you′re going to change the other bits too, you′re probably best off just buying a new PC. It’ll probably be cheaper.

CD Writer/DVD player/DVD writer

This is a simple one. If you don’t have a CD writer and you want to be able to write CDs, get one! As usual, I’d advise you to get it fitted at the shop you buy it at. Or you could get an external one that plugs into a USB port.

If you fancy it you could even get a DVD player or DVD writer, if you want to put your home movies on DVD. Again, you can either get it fitted or buy an external one.

Graphics Card

This is a bit of a specialist one. If you′re into fast 3D games, then it might be worth getting a faster graphics card. If you aren’t, it probably isn’t. A standard graphics card can handle ordinary graphics pretty well. It’s only when the PC throws fast 3D at it that it struggles. Then the PC itself has to do some of the work for it, leaving less time for the PC to work out whether you′ve been clobbered by a goblin.


The crucial point about upgrades is that it really does depend on what you use your PC for. If you′re happy with what your PC is doing for you, don’t let anyone talk you into feeling you have to upgrade.

One of the things that helps keep a PC usable with current software are processor upgrades. Thanks to http://www.osaat.co.uk/

Bookmark and Share

Why You Should Convert Your 35mm Slides to a Digital Format

When the 35mm slide was out many years ago,, it was a state of the art technology with respect for photography was extremely popular with all the photography enthusiasts. If you wanted to store hundreds and thousands of photos safely for years, it was the default method for the job. However, today scanning your 35mm slides to digital versions of photos makes a lot more sense.

Digital photo scanning trumps the old 35mm slides in many ways. Firstly, it was and still is very difficult to preserve 35mm slides for many years. Also, it is a very tedious task to set up the whole projector and set up the slides to watch them. This is especially true when compared to the fact that everything can be done so easily using PCs and Macs.

If you want to pick one advantage of digital images, I would say that storing them is about as easy as it gets. CDs and DVDs seem to be the most popular methods of storing the photos. They are very convenient to insert into the computer whenever you want to view your old photos. Today’s large flat screen televisions make viewing photos an even richer experience.

CDs and DVDs are not the only way to store your old, precious pictures. You can also store them on the computer and view them directly. Also, you can back up these photos on the computer as many times as you want to. If you have an external hard drive, it is even better. You can carry it with you anywhere you want to.

Yet more advantageous is the fact that you can back your precious photos up by uploading them to the web, which is not possible with 35mm format. Portability is the highlight of converting 35mm slides to digital format. When you photos reside on the internet, they are safe even from natural disasters. It also makes it much easier for you to share those photos with other people.

Now that you are comfortable about scanning your 35mm slides and creating their digital versions, consider how you are going to go about it. You can either do it yourself or give the job to a scanning service. If you have a good scanner at home, which can give you high quality digital images, you can always get the job done at home itself.

High resolution images are important if you want the absolute best quality of scanned photos. Hence, if you don’t have a high resolution scanner, you should always consider giving the job to a scanning service. You don’t want the job half done because they are memories that you cannot afford to lose.

Also consider how many 35mm slides you want to scan. If there are hundreds or thousands of them, scanning them at home is a time consuming affair. In this case too, you should also convert your 35mm slides to digital versions from a professional scanner, who will also be able to correct some of the blemishes that may have occurred on the photos over the years.

Converting convert 35mm slides to digital, is no longer a time consuming or daunting tasks. At convertslidestodigital.com, we can show you fast and easy ways to convert photos to digital images.

Bookmark and Share

Article Marketing Link Building SEO

Are You Concerned about the present low page ranking of your website? Starting a link building campaign is the best way to rescue your sagging website. By using an effective link building Strategy and by increasing link popularity,you will surely increase the page rank of your website. Link building simply refers to the number of websites linked to your website. A higher number of links in the website will indicate its popularity and good Internet traffic.

Link building or link popularity is one of the main factors to rank a website among the top ten results of a search engine. Indeed link popularity of your website is the most important factor for assuring a strong Internet presence.This is why you should start a link building campaign to gain the benefits of link popularity. Many people struggle to gain the link popularity they want because they are not using the right link building strategies. So kiss your Troubles goodbye and know for sure that an effective link building campaign strategy is possible via strong article marketing campaign.

1: Putting together an effective link building campaign, quality of links is more important than the quantity of links. So you should link with especially good websites and avoid linking with the junkers. The good links for you are the ones that are related to your business. And the junker links (not related with your website) will only droop your page ratings ever downward.

2: A Link building program must be aimed to searching out targeted links for your website. You can search a link on a search engine like Google. But before adding the links to your website consider the link′s relevance. Ask yourself whether, the visitors to your website would like visiting these links? Does this link provided have the content matching to your own unique content? If answer is all yes,then by all means add the link.

3: A good linking campaign is about establishing a market position in the strong competitive atmosphere. You must be aware of the fact that whenever the potential customers want any information on a particular subject they go to a search engine and search for the topic. The most important fact regarding a link is that it must be capable of providing relevant information for the query put up by the user. If the link takes them away from their query it is not a good link. Such links will slash the ratings of your websites down.

4: You can get a number of URLs of various useful sites for linking up with your sites by making a search on the search engine. After getting the links of the sites you can add their links to your websites as well.

5: After adding a link you can expect the reciprocal linking by the other websites. This means that when you add the link of a website to your website, the website will also add your link on their site. So, you will be successful in building reciprocal links also.

6: Link building campaigns can be a great success if you put out your newsletters to the news lines on the Internet Your website information will be moved across the Internet with the help of many ezines. The ezines are a good source to get links out and available. Look for the sites that offer to publish the articles. Get your articles on the Internet and provide your link where they allow a place for this.

A link building program is a must for your website promotions. The campaign should be focusing the right links that provide targeted Internet traffic to your offers. This will keep the visitors happy and help you be successful in the search engines and will greatly help your ranking as well.

Want More information on Successful Article Marketing and SEO?Article Marketing and SEO take a look at this site for more informationArticle Marketing

Bookmark and Share

Fantastic Kid’s Books With Film Adaptations

Most of the very best family films have been adapted from wonderful children’s literature. Much loved children’s books that have stood the test of time often make wonderful family films. Most of these movies are great by themselves but a question is how closely do the movies stick to the storyline of the book?

In 2008, “The Spiderwick Chronicles” by Holly Black and Tony DiTerlizzi was converted into a movie. There are five books in the series but only one movie has been made to date. It follows the adventure of a family of children that find a strange book in their brand new home that leads them into a entire world filled with trolls and goblins, elves, dwarves as well as other creatures.

The much loved children’s book “Charlie and the Chocolate Factory” by Roald Dahl was originally published in 1964. This has been adapted in to a couple of well-liked movies, “Willy Wonka and the Chocolate Factory” in 1971, starring Gene Wilder as Willy Wonka and from 2005 “Charlie and the Chocolate Factory” starring Johnny Depp as Willy Wonka.

Just about the most beloved children’s books of all time is “Charlotte’s Web” by E.B. White. From its first printing back in 1952 it has retained its popularity throughout. It was first made into an animated film in 1973. In December 2006, a live action film version was released. Both of the movies very closely followed the plot of the book.

Dr. Seuss is one of the most favorite children’s authors of all times. Some of his books are made into fantastic movies. “Horton Hears a Who” came out in 2008 with Jim Carrey as the voice of Horton. It is an animated feature film that follows the storyline of the book almost exactly.

Another Seuss book, “The Grinch Who Stole Christmas” had an animated version that came out in 1966. It followed the book pretty much exactly. On the other hand, the big budget film of “The Grinch Who Stole Christmas” from 2000 added several new scenes and events. The movie “The Cat In The Hat” which came out in 2003 also made many changes from the book.

One of the highest grossing film series in history is from the children’s books about Harry Potter written by J.K. Rowling. At this time six of the seven books have been made into movies with a plan to make 2 movies from the 7th installment for a total of 8 movies. These series is the 2nd highest grossing series in history behind James Bond.

Children’s literature often makes wonderful movies that everyone can enjoy. Reading the books with each other and seeing the movies together make for wonderful family entertainment and wonderful memories.

Bookmark and Share

Watching Tv On Your Pc Software

Cable bills are extremely high and can place a significant drain on your budget. The pitiful number of channels you can access leaves you wanting more. But there is a new way to get thousands of channels. You can start watching TV on your PC and never pay another expensive cable bill. Satellite Direct is software designed to do just this. All you have to do is install it and start watching TV in minutes. I will also be discussing a top quality satellite TV to PC software that I am using to watch more than 3,500 HD Channels worldwide for free.

You will get a complete package that allows access to over 3,500 channels and radio stations. The lifetime membership includes free upgrades, updated channels and technical support. The Satellite Direct software is already configured to access thousands of channels. The Member Area has all of the information you need in one place, so it is easy to access.

What you will not get is a product that illegally obtains premium cable channels. It does not offer HBO, Showtime or other offerings that require a monthly payment. This is a program with ethics so you do not have to worry about getting sued for accessing programming illegally. You will also not get a high monthly cable bill that drains finances. There is just a one-time fee to buy the product and you never need pay another dime for it.

The software is amazingly easy to use. After an installation that takes just a couple of minutes, you simply select a channel from the menu. When accessing channels from anywhere in the world, you may find some issues with the programs loading correctly. Not all countries have the technology to provide reliable feeds. Problematic programming is eliminated when the software automatically updates the channels that do not perform well.

The programming is streamed to computers over the Internet. In most cases, the picture quality is very good and very reliable, many shows are in HD. Once again, the technology of the source station may affect the quality of the shows.

To make the best use of a Watching TV on your PC product, it is advised to use a high-speed Internet connection. The channels come through in an even flow and provide an excellent product. It not only works on Windows systems, MAC users will appreciate that it is compatible with their operating systems, too.

Before you make any purchase, it is good to get all the facts. In this case, you will be pleasantly surprised when you find that Satellite Direct is everything it claims to be. You will always have support, updates and software upgrades. There is no monthly cable bill. More than that, you will enjoy watching TV on your PC. I personally use a satellite TV on PC software that allows me to watch more than 3,000 international television channels online and highly recommend it.

Do you want to learn the methods of Watching TV on your PC with Satellite Direct TV? Ronald Gilbert is successfully watching online TV on PC using Satellite TV to PC Software for FREE! You can see the Top 5 Satellite TV Software on the market now at his website http://www.watchonlinetv-truthreview.com!

Bookmark and Share

Using Adobe Dreamweaver’s ASP Server Behaviors To Build Dynamic Web Sites

Hardly any people would argue that Adobe Dreamweaver is one of the most widely used web development packages around. It has gained its popularity by appealing to users with a broad variety of profiles. Its user-friendly interface appeals to inexperienced users with a small amount awareness of the technologies that underpin web pages. At the same time, it allows practiced web developers to interact with code in a variety of constructive ways.

Adobe Dreamweaver enables developers to create dynamic web sites whose content is derived from a data source. Such sites feature server-side pages, written in a scripting language such as PHP, ASP or ASP.Net, which need to be executed on the server. It is therefore vital to denote a testing server as part of the site setup while defining such sites within Dreamweaver.

A Microsoft invention, Active Server Pages (ASP) is one of the easiest such languages to configure. Now referred to as classic ASP to distinguish it from ASP.Net, the current incarnation of Active Server Pages, ASP was initially released in the late nineties and revolutionised the way in which web sites were developed. ASP is designed to run on Windows 2000 server and on Windows XP Professional. It is part of Internet Information Services (IIS), an optional Windows component. Once installed, IIS converts your PC into a web server running a default website located in a folder called ”wwwroot” which can be accessed with the web address ”localhost/”.

Once ASP is up and running, Dreamweaver CS4 is geared up to start creating dynamic web sites. The features accessible in Dreamweaver for generating the necessary server-side content are to be found in three panels: Databases, Bindings and Server Behaviors. The Databases panel is used to create connections to data sources. In the case of ASP, the most frequent solutions are Microsoft Access and the more powerful Microsoft SQL Server. When a connection to the database is in place, the Bindings panel is used to retrieve data into a recordset. The dialogue box which Dreamweaver CS4 uses for creating recordsets automatically generates fragments of SQL as the user interacts with the appropriate data objects. However, some familiarity with SQL (structured query language) is required to be able to retrieve exactly the data necessary for a given recordset.

The Server Behaviours panel is where a large amount of the action takes place: It contains a wide variety of pre-built scripts which can be used to add dynamic content to web pages. For example, the Insert Record server behaviour can be used to create a form which adds new records to a database table via a web page or it can be used to create an enquiries sheet which adds every enquiry to an enquires table and subsequently takes the visitor to a thank you page.

Author is a developer and trainer with Macresource Computer Solutions, an independent computer training company offering Adobe Dreamweaver Classes in London and throughout the UK.

Bookmark and Share

How to Have More People Retweeting You on Twitter

It can be a hard lesson to learn that direct forms of marketing do not blend well with the Twitter community. Believe it or not, but it is possible to gain friends and share mutual influence in order to make your retweets go viral. There are a number of approaches available at Twitter, and you need to work with your strengths after you engage in some relationship marketing. You will be able to enlist the help of your Twitter community of friends to give you retweets more often than most people ever receive.Many times, when talking about Mark Ling, it is not a good idea to consider it in isolated terms. So then what you simply should do is gather as many details as possible and think about them. If you incorrectly overlook something, the consequences can be unpleasant, to say the least. l that is on the table will you be in a strong position to make your move. You need to know what you are working with, so the following are some areas within the subject you should take the time to consider.

You can create a positive impression with your followers by sending out a short but polite message to thank them for following you. Put a little thought into it as opposed to just a few words. If you are in the same market, and you really should be – or related, then make mention of anything possibly familiar. You are trying to show them that you are real and someone with whom they should get to know. When you comment on their profile about something you read, then they will know for sure you are not a bot. Something like that will usually generate a response, and then you they will recognize your name out of all the other tweets. So just imagine that people will be more inclined to retweet your content if they like you. Avoid direct promotion in your messages by saying, see my site, etc – just place it in there at the end of your message. This doesn’t look intrusive and your receiver won’t mind, since you’re not doing any direction promotion here. However, if you feel that your followers aren’t responding too well to the link, then try avoiding it.

You can ask them however you feel comfortable about doing it, but just be polite and friendly about it. Don’t worry, this isn’t a desperate attempt to grab some attention, but it’s rather a way to politely ask others for retweets. Just be sure you use a lot of moderation with this approach lest people start looking the other way when you are around. People will feel good about you if you ask them to retweet something that has universal value. If you take the angle of sending out high quality information, then people will begin associating you with that.These few considerations will make a difference in your information as they relate to Deadbeat Millionaire. However is that all there is? Not by a long shot – you actually can broaden your knowledge greatly, and we can help you. We know they are terrific and will aid you in your quest for solutions. It really should not need to be said that you must conduct closer examination of all pertinent points. So we will provide you with a few more important ideas to think about.

It is very curiously interesting that there are lengthier words in retweeted posts. This is because the shorter words have the effect of truncating the post for some reason of space. This is just something that takes a little time to get used to so you write them for optimal retweeting. Avoid using complete phrases and words that are very descriptive. Small things like these make a big difference in the long run when you′re trying to acquire more retweets.

Twitter can work extremely well in helping you spread your content around the web, and get more exposure. However, in order to achieve that, it’s really important that you make it easy for your followers to retweet your content and give them a reason to do it. Retweeting can be very powerful, so be very sure you take these approaches and take action on them.

But it is important with Traffic Travis 4 that you only choose what is most appropriate for your needs.. Unique version for reprint here: How to Have More People Retweeting You on Twitter.

Bookmark and Share

Simple tips to Make an iPhone Application While avoiding Programming

Do you regularly speculate how to create an iPhone app while not programming? Luckily you certainly can join in the joys plus funds by means of planning your own iPhone application. Even if you do not know pertaining to program formulating in addition to marketing, you still can build an iPhone software without ever coding. Just see to it that you discover the ideal people who can help you through whole process.

Being able to build a powerful iPhone app without coding consists of finding someone who is capable of doing areas of the job for you. You can try to understand methods to create software code, although this may be a long and tough procedure, particularly if you have no base in any respect in development language.

There are actually webpages out there that might teach you how to create code, unfortunately there are numerous techniques to it and you may in all likelihood come to be overwhelmed. Take into account, application designers take a long time to sit and learn and perfect their expertise, and unless you are a genius, you cannot assume that your task is going to be equevalent with theirs. A half-baked application can be as good as basically no application in any way.

The better strategy to use is to find persons that may help you with converting your splendid notion into a authentic and marketable application. There exists a minimum of 3 separate phases in building an iPhone application without coding: creating the code, generating the user interface or UI, and selling the finished software package in the market. Just about every activity is intricate and may take a while. Now, how do you construct a powerful iPhone app without coding? The good answer is outsourcing the job to responsible and practiced freelance individuals who can deliver.

Almost all these advantages help you to understand how to construct an iPhone application devoid of coding and with virtually no hassle of researching all the completely different as well as exceptionally intricate procedures for yourself. Staying innovative can really help you keep overheads to a minimal amount.

Discover more about how precisely it is possible to develop ideas into software andstart profiting from iphone applications over at HowToBuildAniPhoneApp.net.

Bookmark and Share

High Speed Satellite Internet Access- The Best Choice For Rural Areas

If you live in a rural location of the United States, you have probably experienced the pain of dial-up internet. But even worse is trying to run an e-commerce business with dial-up. It usually translates to a loss of revenue and some unhappy customers. If you thought that you were stuck with slow internet because you couldn’t get cable or DSL, think again. High speed satellite internet access is now available in rural areas.

The biggest plus that satellite internet has compared to dial-up internet is the speed of downloading or uploading information to the internet. It’s about ten times faster using high speed satellite internet.

If you’re running a business, that faster speed means that adding graphics or photos to a website will be quicker and smoother. For others, it can mean downloading and enjoying games, movies or music online for the first time. That wouldn’t have been possible with dial-up.

Another real benefit of high speed satellite internet is the reliability. With a satellite internet service, your internet is on if your computer is on. You don’t have to wait for the modem to dial up and then make the connection to the internet. You can surf the internet, send and receive emails, even those with photos, quickly. No more waiting for graphics to load on internet sites. No more busy signals when trying to connect.

Internet via satellite doesn’t use a telephone line so there are no worries about tying up the phone line or logging off so someone can make a phone call. No more missed phone calls while you surf the net either. If you run a business, you won’t need to spend money having a dedicated phone line put in for your internet service.

What will you need to be able to access satellite internet? Anyone in the continental United States, even those living in a remote area can get high speed satellite internet as long as there is an unobstructed view of the sky.

When the technician arrives, he will locate the best location and then install the equipment for the optimum in speed. Be aware that speed will probably be affected if there is any obstruction between the satellite equipment and the sky. So be prepared to do a little tree trimming if necessary.

Why not have the best of both worlds; country living and city internet speed? It’s now possible with high speed satellite internet access.

Those living in rural areas often have trouble getting access to broadband internet connections from cable or DSL providers. With rural satellite internet, get fast download speeds and easily run an e-commerce site from home. Visit satellite internet reviews for more information.

Bookmark and Share